Functional Anatomy Syllabus for 2021-2022
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Instructor Information

Office Location

West Campus, Room 118

Office Hours

11 AM to 12 PM, Wednesday

Course Information

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PTHA-1413-001 Functional Anatomy


Corequisite: PTHA 1405, BIOL 2401

Course Description

The relationship of the musculoskeletal and neuromuscular systems to normal and abnormal movement.

Student ResourcesStudent Resources Website

Department Expectations

Occupational License Disclaimer

Notice to Students enrolled in an educational program for preparation of issuance of certain occupational licenses:

Students enrolled in an educational program in preparation for obtaining certain occupational licenses are potentially ineligible for such license if the student has been convicted of an offense. For further information, please contact:

Melodie Graves
Justice Involved Advocate
Student Service Center 117
Make appointment at

You can also contact the Legal Clinic, or the faculty member in charge of the educational program that you seek to enroll in. The further information you will receive will include notification to you of your right to request a criminal history evaluation letter from the licensing authority in order to clarify your particular situation.


(4 sem hrs; 3 lec, 3 lab)

Class Type

On Campus Course

Syllabus Information



Neumman D. Kinesiology of the Musculoskeletal System, Foundations for Rehabilitation, 3rd ed. Elsevier, 2017.

Reichert B. Palpation Techniques: Surface Anatomy for Physical Therapists, 2nd ed. Thieme, 2015.



Laptop or tablet computer with internet access

Student Performance

This course is designed to give the student the information needed to understand normal and abnormal movement patterns seen with patients in physical therapy. This information is then utilized in Therapeutic Exercise as a basis for understanding why certain exercises are prescribed.

Anatomy Basics

  1. Recognize appropriate terminology for Kinesiology, anatomy, and biomechanics.
  2. Identify the anatomical and physiological components of bones.
  3. Classify bones and joints according to shape, degree of movement, and structure.
  4. Define arthrokinematic motion and its associated terminology, including the Convex-Concave rule.
  5. Recognize names, attachments, and fiber arrangements of common skeletal muscles.
  6. Compare active and passive insufficiency.
  7. Label the anatomical components of a neuron.
  8. Describe basic functions of the central nervous system, and peripheral nervous system.
  9. Identify the cranial nerves and their functions.
  10. Identify major nerves in the upper and lower extremities.
  11. Describe the pathway of blood flow through the heart.
  12. Describe the function of the lymphatic system.
  13. Identify the laws of motion and provide an example of each in relation to Kinesiology.
  14. Compare lever systems and anatomical pulleys found in the human body.
  15. Describe postural changes that occur with movement.
  16. Identify all muscles, bones, anatomical landmarks, and joint structures associated with the upper extremity, TMJ, and trunk.
  17. Demonstrate the ability to accurately palpate bony landmarks in the upper extremity, lower extremity, TMJ, and trunk.
  18. Differentiate normal and abnormal alignment of trunk and extremities.
  19. Identify origins, insertions, innervation, and action of all major muscles of the human body.
  20. Describe the force couples associated with the shoulder girdle in relation to shoulder joint movement.
  21. Define Scapulohumeral rhythm
  22. Identify common pathologies associated with the major joints of the human body.
  23. Identify the structure and function of the extensor hood and carpal tunnel.
  24. Differentiate between the intrinsic and extrinsic muscles of the hand.
  25. Identify the biomechanical principles associated with respiration.
  26. Identify the origins, insertions, innervations and actions of the muscles associated with respiration.
  27. Define the phases of respiration and the associated muscles of each phase.
  28. Describe the different mechanism of breathing and when they are used.
  29. Describe the structure and function of the inververtebral disc.
  30. Identify and palpate all muscles, bones, landmarks, and joint structures associated with the neck, trunk and TMJ.
  31. Identify origins, insertions, innervation, and action of all major muscles of the neck and trunk.
  32. Compare the difference between the true pelvis and the false pelvis.
  33. Compare open chain and close chain muscle functions of the lower extremity.
  34. Define gait and the terms related to gait including cadence, step length, and walking speed.
  35. Identify the stages of the gait cycle using both Rancho Los Amigos and traditional terminology.
  36. Describe effects of various terrains or differing environments on the patient's gait and locomotion.
  37. Identify characteristics of normal and abnormal gait patterns.

Students Rights and Responsibilities

Student Rights and Responsibilities

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In order to receive your AC Connect Email, you must log in through AC Connect at .

If you are an active staff or faculty member according to Human Resources, use "Exchange". All other students, use "AC Connect (Google) Email".

Expected Student Behavior

Expected Student Behavior

enlightenedStudents shall read the Amarillo College "Student Rights and Responsibilities" information with emphasis placed on the Academic Information, Student Conduct and Responsibilities, Alcohol and Drug Abuse Education/Prevention Program sections.

Students will not use cell phones in the classroom, unless the instructor allows use for a specific activity. All such devices must be placed on silent mode and kept stored. If a student expects that there may be some type of emergency situation, the student should inform the instructor prior to the beginning of class. Unauthorized use of cell phones in class will result in the student being asked to leave the class and being counted absent for the lecture/lab.

Student participation is a required element during Lecture and Lab classes. If a student refuses to participate actively or is disengaged in a discussion or activity, the student may be asked to leave class and will be counted absent for the day. Students do have the right to refuse the application of any specific treatment or activity for medical or personal reasons. This does not constitute a reason for absence from class. Alternate activities or assignments will be required.

Students in the PTA Program are expected to dress conservatively and professionally, as expected in the clinic.  Upon request of the faculty, the student will attend class in professional dress including black, navy, or khaki pants and cobalt blue polo shirt with the PTA logo.  Clean, closed-toe, closed-heel shoes with non-slip soles in good condition should be worn during all class and lab activities. Amarillo College Badge/ID's should also be worn during all off-campus class and clinical activities.

Jewelry and cologne are to be kept to a minimum. All jewelry should be conservative and limited to a minimal amount. The student's professional dress is subject to approval by the course instructor. If professional dress code is not followed, the student may not be able to participate in the scheduled activity, may receive a grade penalty for the day, and/or may not have the option to makeup the assignment. This decision is at the discretion of the instructor. Students may be required to cover any visible tattoo, remove any nail treatment, or change hair management when participating in clinical assignments in compliance with the individual institution's dress code in order to attend the clinical assignment.

Courtesy and respect are expected between the student and instructor. Students are expected to be attentive to instructor, guests, and other students during presentations. Students are required to extend highest respect to patients/clients/others when making off-campus contact. Lack of regard to this expectation at any time by any single student or group of students may result in immediate dismissal of the student/s from the situation by the instructor, guest lecturer, or patient/client/other.

Dishonesty in the classroom or in completing any assignment will not be tolerated. Students demonstrating academic dishonesty as defined in the "Student Rights and Responsibilities" publication will receive a grade of "F" in the course and will be subject to all PTA Program policies regarding course failure.

Student Grievance: A student who has an issue with the course or course instructor should make every attempt to resolve the problem with the course instructor. If that is not successful, the student may appeal the decision of the instructor to the program director, Allied Health Dean, Dean of Instruction, and the Amarillo College President - IN THAT ORDER.


Grading Criteria

Quiz/Assignments                       15% ***

Lecture Exams                             40%*

Final Exam                                    20% ****

Practical Exams                            20%**

Attendance                                      5% 

  • *Exam grades excluding the final grade will be averaged to create one exam average which will be 40% of the grade. The total exam average will be calculated based on 40% for the exam average and 20% of the final score. 
  • enlightened** Students who do not meet minimum proficiencies during a lab practical, scoring a 75.9% or below, will be given one opportunity to re-test before the course is completed. If the practical is repeated to achieve competency, the highest grade that can be achieved is 76%. Students are required to demonstrate proficiency in ALL critical safety elements before being allowed to pass the course. If a student is absent on the day of a practical exam, the highest grade that can be achieved is 76% except in extenuating circumstances as determined by the instructor. 
  • ***Quizzes may be in the form of a quiz or submission and will be graded. Assignments may be in the form of a quiz or submission and may be graded on a check-mark system for satisfactory completion. If unsatisfactory work is submitted, the assignment is returned to the student for correction and edits. FAILURE TO COMPLETE ANY SINGLE ASSIGNMENT TO A SATISFACTORY PERFORMANCE WILL RESULT IN A ZERO FOR THAT ASSIGNMENT GRADE TO BE CALCULATED INTO THE FINAL GRADE AS WEIGHTED BY THE INSTRUCTOR. 
  • ****Final exam is comprehensive and the student is required to achieve a passing grade of 76% in order to pass the course. (DELETED WITH CONSENSUS OF CLASS) nl

Any student scoring a 79 or lower on an exam or practical is REQUIRED to contact the instructor to discuss remediation. IT IS THE STUDENT’S RESPONSIBILITY TO SCHEDULE THIS SESSION. The student will be required to schedule and attend tutoring at one of AC’s tutoring centers. Locations for tutoring can be found at The required number of tutoring sessions will be determined at the discretion of the instructor. The student will be required to bring verification of attendance at tutoring to the instructor.

A = 100-92.0
B = 91.9-84.0
C = 83.9-76.0
F = 75.9 and below

Note: A grade of C or better is required to complete the PTA major.

MAKE-UP POLICY FOR LECTURE EXAMS: There will be a penalty for make-ups on exams. Any unexcused absence from an exam results in a 10-point deduction from the earned grade. The make-up exam will vary in format from the original exam. The student must present verification for the absence in order to take a make-up exam without a penalty The instructor may choose what type of verification is needed. 
The student should expect to take the make-up exam on the day the student returns to class, unless otherwise notified by the instructor.




ATTENDANCE: Regular attendance is necessary for satisfactory achievement. Therefore, the student is responsible for class attendance. The student is expected to be seated and prepared to begin class at the designated time. At the beginning of each lecture and lab, attendance will be recorded in Blackboard.  A sign-in sheet may be available for tracking purposes. 

The student's attendance score is based on 100% for each on-time attendance and 50% for each tardy attendance. Habitual tardiness (at least once weekly event) will be addressed with the instructor. The attendance grade is calculated in the course grade as weighted by the instructor. Habitual tardiness (at least once weekly event) will be addressed with the instructor. The attendance grade is calculated in the course grade as weighted by the instructor. 

Full attendance of class time is also expected. A student will be counted as "absent" if the student is out of class more than 20 minutes of a class time. For example, if in any given day a student arrives 15 minutes late to class, takes an extra 5 minutes for break and leaves class for 5 minutes for any reason (phone calls, appointments, bathroom breaks, illness), that is considered an "absence" for the day. This type of absence counts in the total number of absences resulting in lowering of the final course grade.

If a student is asked to leave a class due to disruption or lack of participation, the student will be counted absent for that entire class.

enlightenedThe rules above apply to all unplanned and unexcused absences. Prior approval of absences and approval of excused absence are solely at the discretion of the faculty based on the circumstances and reasons for absence. Written validation is required for any absence that is considered excused and exempt from this policy. 

Following an absence, the student is responsible for obtaining missed notes/assignments/copies of handouts, etc. from classmates. The student is also responsible for obtaining any needed clarification of missed information from the course instructor.



Students are expected to bring laptop or tablet for all classes.

Functional Anatomy

Lecture Times: Tuesday 8-11 Room 130 3:00 hours per week for a total of 48  hours per semester

Lab: Wednesday 8-11 Room 165 3:00 hours per week for a total of 48 hours per semester

Tentative Schedule 2021: The lead instructor reserves the right to change the sequence if needed.

The final exam for this course will be comprehensive.






Anatomy Basics, Skeletal Articular Systems, arthrokinematics, muscular, nervous, circulatory, and biomechanics

Basic Palpation Principles: skin, muscles, bone, lymph, vessels, nerves

Chapters 1-4 and additional readings assigned in course content


Upper quadrant

UE bony landmarks, muscles, nerves, vessels, and function

Chapters 5-8



Lecture: Upper quadrant

UE bony landmarks, muscles, nerves, vessels, and function

Chapters 5-8


Upper quadrant

UE bony landmarks, muscles, nerves, vessels, and function

Chapters 5-8



Lecture: Lower quadrant

Lower quadrant bony landmarks, muscles, nerves, vessels, and function

Chapter 11


Lower Quadrant


Lower quadrant bony landmarks, muscles, nerves, vessels, and function

Chapters 12, 13, 14


Lower Quadrant

Lower quadrant bony landmarks, muscles, nerves, vessels, and function

Chapters 12, 13, 14


EXAM 3 (Mid-term)

Lecture: Posture, Gait, and functional movement

Posture, Gait, and functional movement observation and analysis with identification of gait deviations

Chapter 15,16 and Gait Analysis book 





Axial skeleton including ribs

Spinal landmarks, muscle, nerves

Chapter 15.16


Axial skeleton including ribs


Spinal landmarks, muscles, nerves, vessels, and function

Chapter 9, 10, and 11



Axial skeleton including ribs

Spinal bony landmarks, muscles, nerves, vessels, and function

Chapter 9, 10, and 11



Circulatory and Ventilation

Readings assigned


Hematology and Immunology


Readings assigned 


Endocrine, GI, and GU

Review Prep for Practical

Readings assigned








Additional Information

Instructional Methods include: lecture and lab activities

USE OF CELL PHONES/ELECTRONIC DEVICES(I-PODS, MP 3 PLAYERS, ETC.):Students will not use cell phones in the classroom unless the instructor specifically allows an exception. All such devices must be placed on silent mode and kept stored. If a student expects that there may be some type of emergency situation, the student should inform the instructor prior to the beginning of class. Unauthorized use of cell phones in class will result in the student being asked to leave the class and being counted absent for the lecture/lab.

The student will bring a computer and textbook(s) as listed in the schedule. 


REQUIRED READING: The student is expected to complete all reading assignments. All information is considered testable material, and may not be covered during lecture, therefore it is the student’s responsibility to discuss (at an appropriate time) with course instructor clarification of material as needed.  

PALPATION:  This class does require the acquisition of manual palpation skills to identify anatomical structures on a person. All students are to use optimal draping techniques and appropriate hand coverings when needed to preserve the dignity and modesty of the individual simulating a patient. An individual may opt out of any specific activity as a patient model. An alternative assignment will be substituted for that activity.

LAB DRESS CODE: Appropriate dress is required during scheduled lab times.

Females: shorts, sports bra, halter, or swimsuit top (fasteners need to be in the back), athletic clothing or loose clothing as a cover-up

Males: shorts, T-shirt, athletic or loose clothing as a cover-up

LAST DATE TO DROP/WITHDRAW:   November 23, 2021

Any student not withdrawn by November 23, 2021 will receive the grade earned.

For successful completion of PTHA 1413 the following is required by each student: passing minimum average of all quizzes/quick checks, exams, practicals, skills application and submitting all homework/documentation workbook assignments. 

SAFETY PROCEDURES: In case of an emergency, the student needs to call the Safety and Security department at 9-371-5163.  In an emergency situation, use the nearest phone that is available.  The student should also know in case of a medical emergency, the following procedure should be performed and in the order written:

  1. call 9-911 for an ambulance
  2. call safety and security

Amarillo College Resources link:

PHYSICAL RESTRICTIONS: The full participation in activities presented in this course may be limited by physical restrictions encountered by the student.  It is the responsibility of the student to let the instructor know if any of these restrictions apply to you.  All students are to avoid doing the VALSALVA maneuver during lifting activities.

If you have:

Asthma, cardiac problems, high blood pressure– avoid doing the Valsalva maneuver during lifting activities

Pregnancy– do not do any lifting that exceeds what your doctor has recommended.  Precaution needs to be taken when stretching due to ligament laxity.  All lifting is contraindicated if you have incompetent cervix, vaginal bleeding, placenta previa, rupture of the membrane, premature labor, maternal heart disease, hypertension, intrauterine growth retardation, and uncontrolled diabetes

Rheumatoid Arthritis– when in the inflammatory state, lifting is contraindicated.  It is recommended to rest and use splints to protect your joints during the appropriate activities as prescribed by your doctor

Thermoregulatory problems– clothing may need to be adjusted to accommodate the temperature of the environment.  If necessary, a misting bottle may be brought to lab

Diabetes/hypoglycemia– bring medication and snacks as needed

Latex sensitivity– latex gloves during sterile techniques are to be avoided.  Notify the instructor by the 3rd day of classes so that alternative gloves can be provided.

enlightenedThe lead instructor reserves the right to modify and edit the course plan by notifying students of the change as soon as the change is planned or implemented.


Syllabus Created on:

08/22/21 1:57 PM

Last Edited on:

01/18/22 11:26 AM