Nuclear Medicine Instrumentation Syllabus for 2021-2022
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NMTT-1309-001 Nuclear Medicine Instrumentation


Prerequisite: NMTT 1313

Course Description

Theory and application of electronic instrumentation used in the direction and analysis of ionizing radiation with special emphasis on gamma spectrometry and quality assurance relevant to nuclear medicine instruments.

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Department Expectations

Occupational License Disclaimer

Notice to Students enrolled in an educational program for preparation of issuance of certain occupational licenses:

Students enrolled in an educational program in preparation for obtaining certain occupational licenses are potentially ineligible for such license if the student has been convicted of an offense. For further information, please contact:

Melodie Graves
Justice Involved Advocate
Student Service Center 117
Make appointment at

You can also contact the Legal Clinic, or the faculty member in charge of the educational program that you seek to enroll in. The further information you will receive will include notification to you of your right to request a criminal history evaluation letter from the licensing authority in order to clarify your particular situation.


(3 sem hrs; 3 lec)

Class Type

Tech Supported

Syllabus Information


Required Textbooks:

Nuclear Medicine and PET/CT: Technology and Techniques, 8th Edition, Christian

Practical Mathematics in Nuclear Medicine Technology, Wells, 2nd Edition

Review of Nuclear Medicine Technology, 5thEdition, 

Quick Reference Protocol Manual 1st Edition 



Chart of the Nuclides

Scientific Calculat

Student Performance

WECM Course Description: Theory and application of electronic instrumentation used in the direction and analysis of ionizing radiation with special emphasis on gamma spectrometry and quality assurance relevant to nuclear medicine instruments.

WECM End-of-Course Outcomes: Describe the radioactive decay process and the interaction of ionizing radiation with matter and the operation of the electrical components of various radiation detection systems; relate the principles of operation of gas-filled detectors, scintillation detection systems, and liquid scintillation systems; determine a statistically accurate counting rate for a radiation detector; describe and differentiate the various imaging systems including scintillation cameras, multi-crystal cameras, and tomographic imaging systems; and discuss and apply the best quality control measures for continuous quality improvement.


NMTT-1309 is the study of basic radiation detectors, their applications, functions and limitations. This course will present an overview of the uses of both imaging and non- imaging detectors in the practice of Nuclear Medicine.

Objectives stated below are aligned with the Master Educational Plan of the Nuclear Medicine Technology Program: 

Learn the technical terminology, facts, theories, methods and principles associated with Nuclear Medicine Instrumentation

Identify the function and application of the following instruments:           

Dose calibrators         

GM survey meters   

NaI(TL) counting and/or uptake systems         

Imaging systems including:   




CT component of hybrid imaging              

Fusion or hybrid imaging system (i.e. SPECT/CT, PET/CT, PET/MRI)            

Discuss how to perform the appropriate quality control for the instruments listed             

Discuss how to document performance and results of all quality control testing according to quality control program procedures    

Discuss how to analyze QC results and take appropriate corrective action(s) when necessary        

Discuss how to view, process and archive acquired data on picture archival communicating systems (PACS)               

Discuss radiology and hospital information systems, managing patient information in these systems according to facility policies, state and federal statues and accreditation standards

Describe/Evaluate uses of medical informatics.

Describe principles of radiation detection.

Describe theory of operation of radiation detector.

Evaluate considerations of counting and imaging equipment.

Describe theory of operation of radiation detector.

Describe construction and operation of gas-filled detectors.

Evaluate operation of scintillation devices and components within.

Describe spectrometry as seen with scintillation instruments.

Discuss/evaluate use of collimators.

Describe basics of computers and use in nuclear medicine.

Describe differences in analog and digital versions of images in nuclear medicine.

Evaluate proper use of Geiger-Mueller in radiation detection.

Evaluate quality control/assurance measures for gamma cameras, dose calibrators, well counter

Evaluate uniform/nonuniform images of gamma camera floods.

Describe/recognize purpose of center-of-rotation, daily floods, and high-count floods.

Investigate use of SPECT, QC, and quality control measures.

Describe principles of PET and CT imaging and artifacts.

Evaluate QC measures for PET and CT.

Differentiate between intrinsic/extrinsic testing.

Describe the pulse-height analyzer (PHA).

Describe spatial resolution and sensitivity.

Describe image formation, filtered-back projection, positioning logic.

Describe gain as it applies to high voltage applied to Gamma Camera and ion chamber detectors.

Describe and discuss how photographic images are produced in both analog and digital formats.

Recognize principles of dose calibrator constancy, accuracy, linearity, geometry.

Discuss use of phantoms for camera QC.

Describe how flood filled  phantoms are filled, used and maintained.

Describe film-processor quality control if applicable.

Illustrate how pipets are used in laboratories and how precision is maintained.

Calculate acceptable ranges for dose calibrator.

Calculate dose calibrator geometry and percent error for syringes and volumes.

Calculate percent error for dose calibrator accuracy and constancy.

Calculate dose calibrator linearity of response and percent error.

Calculate and use correction factors for dose calibrator geometry and linearity.

Calculate energy resolution (FWHM).

Calculate Chi Square.

Calculate well counter efficiency.

Calculate window settings: u/l discriminators and center-line plus percent window.

Calculate camera sensitivity.

Calculate SPECT acquisition time and counts per projection.

Obtain desired flood/phantom fill activities.

Calculate total pixels by matrix size, pixel calibration, computer memory requirements.

Calculate pipette precision.

Explain the use of centrifuges and the related centrifugal force and time.

Calculate centrifugal force (g-force) given radius and rotating speed.

Calculate centrifuge: relative centrifugal force vs time.

Review units used to measure radioactivity and Radioactive doses

Pass all exams and other graded assignments with final grade of C or better.


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Expected Student Behavior

Grievance Procedure A student who has a grievance with the course or the course instructor should make every attempt to resolve the problem with the course instructor. If that is not successful, the student may appeal the decision of the instructor to the program director, the Allied Health Division Chairman, the Dean of Instruction, and the College President- In that order. Students Rights and Responsibilities Please refer to the Students Rights and Responsibilities publication of Amarillo 


It is the Policy of the Nuclear Medicine Program that should a studentb score less than 80 % on a major exam, that student will ne required to research and find the correct answer to any queastions missed. The student will be required to comment on why the correct answer applies to the question ask. This Remediation report should then be returned to the Instructor who administered the exxt major examam. end it as an attachemnt to an email or message. This remediation should be completed before your next major exam. Please ask questions about this policy if necessary.

Grading Criteria

Grading Distribution:

The final course grade will be computed as follows:

Exams = 35%

Quizzes/Homework = 25 %

Comprehensive Final = 40 %

Grading and make-up policies During this course, the final semester grade will be computed based on scores earned on major exams, daily quizzes, and the final comprehensive exam.  A computerized grade sheet will be provided at mid-term or as needed during the semester. The student is encouraged to read all material and study all content thoroughly between each lecture in preparation for major exams and quizzes. The following grade scale shall apply for all scored activities in this course:




F=less than 74.5

A grade of "D" is not possible in this course.

MAKE-UP POLICY If a student is absent on the day of a major exam:

1. The missed work MUST be made-up within Three school days.

2. The missed work will earn a maximum of 85% of the original point value uless prior arrangements have been made between student and instructor..

3. Quizzes cannot be made up and will result in a score of zero "0" for that work. Should the student be unable to complete the missed work within this deadline, he/she may petition the instructor for an extension of time, PROVIDED the request is received by the course instructor BEFORE the required deadline. 

4. Missed activities will be handled case by case, student by student, basis at the sole discretion of the instructor. If missed work is not made up in accordance with this policy, a grade of zero "0" will be assigned to the work that has not been completed and averaged in as such into the final course grade.

5. Major exams scoring below an 80 require remediation. 


Attendance Policy Regular attendance is necessary for satisfactory achievement. Therefore, it is the responsibility of the student to attend class. Likewise, prompt arrival for class is also expected. Attendance will be recorded. If a Pop quiz is planned for the day, it will be given immediately at the start of class.


Course Outline

1.            Principles of Radiation Detection.

2.            Basic Electronics and Devices

3.          Small Instruments:  Gas-Filled Detectors

 4.         Factors Relating to Radiation Measurement    

5.         Quality Control Of Small Instruments,GammaCameras and other Instrumentation.

5.          Gamma Camera: Collimators & Collimator Math, Image Characteristics and

              Performance in Planar Imaging.

6.          Quality Assurance and Quality Control of Gamma Cameras

7.          PET/SPECT/CT

8.          Quality Control and Artifacts in PET/SPECT/CT

9.         Computers in Nuclear Medicine

10.       Miscellaneous calculations

Additional Information

Major Exams are given at the conclusion of each major topic shown in the course outline.Comprehensive Final is given at the scheduled class time during Finals Week.

HB 1508 Statement

Notice to Students enrolled in an educational program for preparation of issuance of certain occupational licenses:

Students enrolled in an educational program in preparation for obtaining certain occupational licenses are potentially ineligible for such license if the student has been convicted of an offense.  For further information, please contact your advisor, the legal clinic, or the faculty member in charge of the educational program that you seek to enroll in.  The further information you will receive will include notification to you of your right to request a criminal history evaluation letter from the licensing authority in order to clarify your particular situation

Student injuries (class and clinical)

Syllabus Created on:

12/08/21 1:16 PM

Last Edited on:

09/08/22 11:37 AM