Graphic organizers are various types of concept mapping. Their purpose is to provide students with an organized way of taking notes and making connections in the classroom. When the instructor has planned out the lesson, they have an idea of the key topics that they want students to retain as well as the connections that they expect students to make during the day. By creating a graphic organizer, the instructor communicates guided expectations to the student. By doing so, the student can now engage in the lecture because they feel confident they are successfully connecting to the content in the way the instructor intended for them to do so.